Treatments may need to be changed as symptoms flare or subside. Treatment for lupus depends on your signs and symptoms. Your treatment will depend on how severe symptoms are, whether organs are involved, and if your daily life is affected.
While medications can't cure lupus, they can control symptoms -- and possibly prevent organ damage. Common medications used to treat SLE are:
Antimalarial Drugs: Medications commonly used to treat malaria, such as hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), also can help control lupus. Side effects can include stomach upset and, very rarely, damage to the retina of the eye.
Corticosteroids: Prednisone and other types of corticosteroids can counter the inflammation of lupus. Side effects including weight gain, easy bruising, thinning bones (osteoporosis), high blood pressure, diabetes and increased risk of infection
Immunosuppressive Drugs: Drugs that suppress the immune system may be helpful in serious cases of lupus. Examples include cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan), azathioprine (Imuran, Azasan), mycophenolate (Cellcept), and methotrexate (Trexall). Potential side effects may include an increased risk of infection, liver damage, decreased fertility and an increased risk of cancer.
Anticoagulants: Examples include Warfin and Tinzaprin. These thin your blood to prevent blood clots, a life-threatening lupus symptoms.
Surgery is only considered when lupus has seriously damaged the kidneys.
Reducing your daily stress will help you control lupus symptoms.
Relaxation therapies can greatly improve your quality of life. Having a healthy lifestyle will help you feel better and prevent flares
Good nutrition is important to keeping your body fueled and strong during lupus treatments. Eat a well-balanced diet.